Hydrotalcite; porous membrane; carbon dioxide capture; response surface methodology.
DIYALA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES,
2018, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 47-53
AbstractVarious protection methods can be used for protecting the pipeline system from the impact of water hammer. Which includes the use of special materials for supporting the pipeline and the installation of special devices such as surge tanks, relief valves, and air chambers. In this study, to protect the pipeline system and reduce the effect of water hammer, surge tank has been used. Governing equations of transient flow with and without surge tank is numerically simulated using MATLAB software. Sensitivity analysis was investigated using several variables such as pipe diameter, wave’s velocity and friction factor. Method of characteristics (MOC) was implemented in this study. It was found that the diameter and friction factor of pipe have a significant impact on the results of transient flow and surge tank compared to the effect of wave’s velocity. It has been reached that the capacities of surge tanks at diameter (1m), are (1475m3) at first, second and fourth stages, (1360m3) at third and fifth stages and (570m3) at sixth stage. And at diameter (1.2m), the capacities are (1700m3), (1530m3) and (1475m3) at first, second and third stages respectively. But at diameter (1.4m), the capacities are (1590m3) at first and second stages. For all values of wave’s velocity, the capacities of surge tanks are (1760m3), (1530m3) and (1420m3) at first, second and third stages respectively. But the capacities of surge tanks at friction factor (0.007) are (1810m3), (1585m3) and (1245m3) at first, second and third stages respectively. However, for the capacity of surge tanks at the friction factor (0.008), it was mentioned when the surge tanks capacity of the diameter (1.2m) was mentioned. And when the friction factor is (0.009), the capacities are (1460m3) at first stage, (1415m3) at second and third stages and (570m3) at fourth stage.
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